Organic simply means adopting methods of farming that don’t rely on using chemicals or genetic modification (GM).
Farming organically means:
1. Protecting and working in harmony with the environment to produce good food.
2. Understanding the direct link between our health and the way in which animals and crops are farmed.
3. Reducing or eliminating chemicals that are used to treat crops and farm animals for pests and disease.
4. Caring for the quality of the soil in which crops are grown.
For example, organic farming now relies on methods like crop rotation in order to maintain soil fertility, instead of using chemical fertilisers.
Any farm or food product wishing to be recognised as organic has to adhere to strict guidelines which are set and rigorously monitored by associations such as The Soil Association in the UK.